Raspberry Pi Temperature and Humidity Project Construction
For some time I have had a Raspberry Pi languishing on my desk, like many I bought one early on and played around with it for a while and then got busy with other stuff. Recently however I have been looking into distributed sensor networks which led me to consider how I could use the Raspberry Pi to aid in my research. If I could get a number of these devices connected up together gathering some measurements of some sort, I could a) make some graphs, b) produce some useful test data and c) get some real world experience with sensor networks.
So I did a bit of research on what hardware I could connect up to the Raspberry Pi with the least amount of circuitry this led me to the AdaFruit site and in particular this article DHT Humidity Sensing on Raspberry Pi with GDocs Logging. This was as almost what I was after but still had a little to much “construction”. After searching around I managed to deduce that a small pre-made Arduino compatible board existed with all the circuitry already assembled, all that remained was to solder 3 wires onto the board and get this connected to the Raspberry Pi. After some foraging around in my computer “junk” I found some old case wiring which had small 4 pin connectors which could be plugged into the gpio header and could have their pins rejigged into any combination of one, two or 4 pin headers for maximum flexibility.
So to build this project you will need the following items, I have included the approximate cost.
- 1 x Raspberry Pi ($42)
- 1 x 700mW power supply ($12)
- 1 x freetronics Humidity and Temperature Sensor Module ($20)
- 2 x 4 pin connectors, as found in old PC cases or CD drive audio cables
Total cost $74.
Assembly is quite simple.
Solder three wires into the freetronics board, in my case I had red which i soldered into the data pin, white which I soldered into the 3.3v pin and black which I soldered into the ground pin.
Move the ground wire into it’s own 4 pin connector, and put the 3.3v and data pins at either end of another 4 port connector.
Connect these as illustrated to the Raspberry Pi, being sure to triple check the location.
Bask in the glow of the little LED on the addon board which indicates you have powered it up.
First you will need to grab and install the bcm2835 library before building it. I grabbed the latest sources for Mike McCauley’s bcm2835 library and installed them on the pi.
pi@raspberrypi ~ $ wget http://www.open.com.au/mikem/bcm2835/bcm2835-1.14.tar.gz pi@raspberrypi ~ $ tar xvzf bcm2835-1.14.tar.gz pi@raspberrypi ~ $ cd bcm2835-1.14 pi@raspberrypi ~/bcm2835-1.14 $ ./configure pi@raspberrypi ~/bcm2835-1.14 $ make ... pi@raspberrypi ~/bcm2835-1.14 $ sudo make install
Download the software as instructed in the linked ADAFruit article, you will need git so install that first.
pi@raspberrypi ~ $ apt-get install git pi@raspberrypi ~ $ git clone https://github.com/adafruit/Adafruit-Raspberry-Pi-Python-Code.git pi@raspberrypi ~ $ cd Adafruit-Raspberry-Pi-Python-Code/ pi@raspberrypi ~/Adafruit-Raspberry-Pi-Python-Code $ cd Adafruit_DHT_Driver
Build the software.
pi@raspberrypi ~/Adafruit-Raspberry-Pi-Python-Code/Adafruit_DHT_Driver $ make
Run the Adafruit_DHT command.
pi@raspberrypi ~/Adafruit-Raspberry-Pi-Python-Code/Adafruit_DHT_Driver $ sudo ./Adafruit_DHT 2302 4 Adafruit_DHT 2302 4 Using pin #4 Data (40): 0x2 0x3e 0x0 0xde 0x1e Temp = 22.2 *C, Hum = 57.4 %
I am working on another post with some details of how I am using this device, and the software I will be driving it with, this should go out in the next couple of weeks.
Hope others find this useful.
2013-02-28 Removed the change to small change to the make file as it is not required anymore.